Coaching Practices that Promote Adult Competitive Sport Participation


  • Bettina Callary Cape Breton University
  • Ciera Disipio Cape Breton University
  • Catalina Belalcazar University of Ottawa
  • Scott Rathwell University of Lethbridge
  • Bradley W. Young University of Ottawa


Long-term development models contain context-specific advice that support coaches’ approaches, but more is needed to address psychosocial approaches for competitively-oriented adult sport. To this end, the purpose of this study was to explore what coaches do well, what they could do better, and where they need support in developing adult-oriented psychosocial coaching approaches. Eight Masters rowing coaches from a North American rowing organization were interviewed using the Adult-Oriented Sport Coaching Survey. Interviews were thematically analyzed. Adult rowers have matured self-concepts, varied competitive orientations, and interest in quality programming. The coaches coached well according to adult-oriented survey factors but noted difficulties creating personalized programming, determining athletes’ preferences for being held accountable, and imparting coaching knowledge. There were contextual challenges out of their control that constrained their application of adult-oriented themes. Coaches wanted adult-related coach education and were interested in feedback on their coaching. Recommendations are made for long term development models.

Keywords: Coaching; education; self-assessment; community; masters sport

Author Biography

Bettina Callary, Cape Breton University

Dr. Bettina Callary is the Canada Research Chair (Tier 2) in Sport Coaching and Adult Learning and an Associate Professor in the Department of Experiential Studies in Community and Sport at Cape Breton University in Nova Scotia. 





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